Carstensz Pyramid


Summit Elevation Continent Country Range First
Carstensz Pyramid 4 884 m
16 024 ft

(Continental Shelf)
Indonesia Maoke Mountains  1962

Puncak Jaya or Carstensz Pyramid (4,884 m) is the highest summit of Mount Carstensz in the Sudirman Range of the western central highlands of Papua province, Indonesia.

The highlands surrounding the peak were inhabited before European contact, and the peak was known as Nemangkawi in Amungkal. Puncak Jaya was named "Carstensz Pyramid" after Dutch explorer Jan Carstenszoon who first sighted the glaciers on the peak of the mountain on a rare clear day in 1623. The sighting went unverified for over two centuries, and Carstensz was ridiculed in Europe when he said he had seen snow near the equator. This name is still used among mountaineers.

Carstensz Pyramid summit was not climbed until 1962, by an expedition led by the Austrian mountaineer Heinrich Harrer with three other expedition members – Philip Temple, Russell Kippax and Albertus Huizenga. Temple, from New Zealand, had previously led an expedition into the area and pioneered the access route to the mountains.

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